Textile dyeing is a very common term in the fashion industry. Therefore, today we will be discussing textile dyeing in detail. We will cover all the different types of textile dyeing that you need to know about.
The term “dying process” describes the interaction between the dye and the fibers, which causes the dye to transfer into the fibers (through absorption, diffusion, or precipitation). Most dyeing techniques aim to evenly distribute color across the fabric’s surface. Dyeing fabric depends on the dye, fabric, and technology used.
A Few Basic Methods of Dyeing
- Basic methods of dyeing
- Conventional textile dyeing (machine)
- Spun dyeing/Dope dyeing
- Hand dyeing
- According to its order in textile production
- Stock Dyeing/Fiber Dyeing
- Yarn Dyeing
- Piece dyeing
- Garment dyeing
- Random Dyeing
- The Dyeing method Based on the Process
- Direct Dyeing
- Resist Dyeing
- Immersion Dyeing
- Dip Dyeing
- Vat dyeing
- Discharge Dyeing
- Natural Dyeing
- Eco Dyeing
- Resist dyeing methods
- Tie and Dye
- Shibori dyeing
- Batik dyeing
- Textile dyeing, according to the technology used
- Speck Dyeing
- Warp Beam Dyeing and Bale Dyeing
- Package dyeing
- Double dyeing
- Cross Dyeing
- Pad-Steam Dyeing
- Pigment Dyeing
- Chain dyeing
The Conventional Method of Textile Dyeing
The typical process for dying fabric includes coloring the fabric’s surface. First of all, right after it’s made, they dye the fabric. Usually, they use reactive dyes here. Traditional dyeing also makes use of other chemical substances such as caustic soda, soda ash, sodium sulfate, etc. A dyeing machine is a large device containing dye solution and other additives for dyeing.
Spun dyeing/Dope dyeing
This is a specialized method of dyeing fabrics that involves totally immersing the fibers in a spinning solution to dye them before creating yarn. This procedure, often known as “dope dyeing,” is applied to both cellulosic and non-cellulosic textiles as well as synthetic fibers.
Polymers are colored before they are converted into fibers for synthetic fabrics. The colors are bright, sharp, and colorfast.
Hand dyeing is the manual dyeing of fabric and yarn.
According to Its Order in Textile Production
Stock Dyeing/Fiber Dyeing
The process of stock dyeing involves coloring the fibers before they are spun into yarn.
This technique involves dying the yarn before weaving it into the fabric.
The dyeing of a fabric is done after it is created. That is to say, it is the process of dying individual pieces (bolts) of fabric. Several methods are available for dyeing, including pad dying, jet dyeing, and winching.
Finished garments are dyed after manufacturing and sewing.
The random dyeing process involves dyeing specific areas of yarn at random.
The Dyeing method Based on the Process
In this case, they dye the fabric immediately. It involves fermenting (natural dyes) or chemically reducing (synthetic vat and sulfur dyes) the dyestuff before application. The most common method of coloring cotton fibers is with water-soluble direct dyes.
Resist dyeing is a common technique for painting colors or patterns on fabric. A substance that is impermeable to dye prevents the dye from reaching certain areas of the fabric while allowing the dye to freely penetrate other areas of the fabric. Tie-dyeing involves tightly tying sections of material with thread before dyeing.
The process of keeping the cloth or fibers totally submerged in a dye solution is mainly called immersion dyeing. So, to ensure that the dye color is saturated evenly, you must allow the fibers to move around freely.
Dip dyeing involves dipping the fabric in a bucket or vat of dye in order to partially modify the color. They use this technique when they only want to dye a certain area or want to give the fabric an ombre effect.
Vat dyeing is the term for dyeing that happens in a bucket or vat. That is to say, they dye the fabric in a vat. One of the earliest types of vat dyeing is indigo dyeing, using indigo dyes produced by plants. Denim for jeans is now vat-dyed. However, the vat dyes have good to extraordinary colorfastness and come in a wide range of colors. Using this technique, they color the cellulosic fibers (cotton fiber).
Discharge dyeing involves using different chemicals or bleach to remove dye from a fabric dyed by stamping, stenciling, block printing, etc. On the dyed fabric, they apply a discharge paste, decoloring agent, or bleach with the help of a brush, stamp, or screen.
People have been dyeing textiles and yarns with a variety of plants throughout history, including bougainvillea, avocado, saffron, indigo, turmeric, butternut squash husks, dandelion roots, etc. coffee grounds/tea, and indigo. For example, they boiled the fabric in the dye bath, which is the simplest natural dyeing technique. After following that step, you have to simmer it until you get the proper shade that you want. After finishing this step, rinse your fabric in cold water. Natural dyeing is more environmentally friendly and produces more delicate yet lovely colors than chemical dyeing, but it is not as bright or colorfast as chemical dyeing.
Eco dyeing is a natural dyeing process that uses leaves to dye fabric. It is similar to printing in that the dye from plants is applied to fabric. This method involves steaming or immersing plants and flowers in hot water after placing them on top of fabric in a single layer or stacked on top of each other. That is to say, this process extracts pigments from the leaves and transfers them to the fabric. Finally, It produces a print that resembles a leaf or flower.
Resist Dyeing Methods
Tie and Dye.
In order to fully avoid the folded/pleated and bound region, tie-dyeing is a resist-dyeing process that involves folding, twisting, crumpling, or pleating fabric or a garment before tying it with string or rubber bands and applying dyes.
Numerous fabric designs, including traditional ones like the spiral, diamond, and marbled look, can be made by tie-dying.
Japan has been using Shibori tie-dye techniques since the 8th century. There are numerous techniques, including sewing, They traditionally used these fabrics for kimonos, obi, and other accessories and clothing.
This method of resist dyeing comes from Java. Only the dyed portion will absorb wax, which they apply to specific areas of the fabric. For the multicolored look, they repeat the same method multiple times with different colors. Batik is totally a hand made procedure, but nowadays, machine dye replicates the techniques.
Textile dyeing, according to the technology used
In this process of dying, they produce colored flecks of various hues and tones on wool yarn.
Warp Beam Dyeing and Bale Dyeing
The warp is dyed before weaving in this method. However, weaving involves the use of colored and white warps and wefts.
In the textile industry, they use this kind of yarn dyeing method.
This term describes the process of coloring mixed materials. They use two different methods of dyeing to dye two different types of fabrics.
In this dyeing method, they dye two or more kinds of fiber together in the same bath.
Using pad dyeing equipment, they pad the dye into the fabric and then steam it to finish the industrial textile dyeing process. In general, people use pad dyeing for reactive dyeing of cotton and cotton-blend materials.
In this method, they dye the fabric by using pigments that are insoluble in water. Therefore, to attach the pigment to the fabric, they use binders. It is a unique process for producing particular effects and is not a common way to dye fabric.
The chain dyeing technique involves tying yarns and fabrics end to end before running them continuously through the dyebath.
So now you know about all the types of textile dyeing. If you are looking for any dyed textile or any dyed fabric to make any particular design for your fashion house, you will get them from the Beautiful Connection Group at wholesale. Beautiful Connection Group is one of the best clothing manufacturers in the USA. They provide all types of customized dresses for women by maintaining top notch quality at a reasonable price. For any further information, you can visit their website.